How Your Taste Buds React to Spicy Food

How Your Taste Buds React to Spicy Food

How Your Taste Buds React to Spicy Food


We’ve all seen that guy—the one mopping up his forehead over a basket of hot wings or taking the chef to task over a yawn-worthy Pad Thai that boasted a four-chili-pepper rating on the menu.

Once the sweat and tears have subsided and we’ve regained our composure, we inevitably find ourselves wondering why exactly we insist on enduring that level of discomfort in the name of a spicy dish—and, more importantly, whether we’re doing irreversible damage in the process.

Let’s back up a second. In order to understand why our brains interpret spice as pain, it’s important to first understand, on a basic level, how the human tongue works.  

Capsaicin is the Culprit
And if you’ve ever forgotten to put on a pair of kitchen gloves before chopping up a hot pepper—or worse, forgotten you chopped up a hot pepper and then accidentally rubbed your eyes—capsaicin is the one to blame for that burning sensation, too.

While intensely spicy food can have some undesirable effects on parts of the body we won’t mention here, the good news is, it doesn’t actually destroy your taste buds—it just numbs them. The common misconception that too much spicy food can lead to the inability to taste is a myth that’s been debunked by seasoned scientists and amateur foodies alike. The loss of sensation might make you think your taste buds are dying, but it’s only a temporary effect. You should be back to normal and ready for your next vindaloo within 24 hours.

How to Beat the Heat
If the burning sensation we feel from eating spicy food is actually our brain interpreting it as something extremely hot in temperature, then cold water should naturally be the solution, right?

 Water doesn’t really help at all in this instance and, in fact, can make things worse. Capsaicin is insoluble in water, which means it does nothing but actually spread the sensation further around your mouth when you take a sip. While it may be tempting to reach for that glass of ice water on the table, you’ll fare much better with a dairy product like milk or sour cream, or a sugary drink like juice or even wine, as sugar blocks capsaicin from attaching to your pain receptors.

What Have We Learned?
Now that we’ve gotten to the bottom of why exactly spicy food makes us feel as if we may spontaneously combust, let’s take a moment to investigate why we do this to ourselves in the first place. For starters, research has shown that spicy food can boost your metabolism and may even lead to a slightly longer life.